Early diagnosis and treatment of pelvic girdle pain can improve a woman’s quality of life

September 2017

General Practitioners

Country of origin: UK

Pelvic girdle pain affects one in five pregnant women and can severely affect a woman’s mobility and quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment should relieve pain and prevent symptoms from worsening, states new Patient Information published by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG).

The pelvic girdle is a ring of bones around the body at the base of the spine. Pelvic girdle pain is pain in the front and/or the back of the pelvis. It is usually caused by the joints moving unevenly and the pelvic girdle becoming less stable. As a baby grows in the womb, the extra weight may put more strain on the pelvis.

Pain can be mild to severe, but is treatable at any stage in pregnancy and causes no harm to the baby. Symptoms include; pain in the pubic region, lower back, hips, groin, thighs or knees, clicking or grinding in the pelvic area and pain made worse by certain movements.

The information describes simple measures that can help and suggestions for treatment options if pain persists including advice on avoiding movements that may aggravate the pain, exercises to relieve pain, manual therapy, hydrotherapy and acupuncture.

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